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Abstract Results

 
"Symposium/Workshop" "" "" "" "Slide Projector" "Overhead Projector" "" "" "" "Hello, This is just a test. Thank you, Antoinette" "Antoinette Thomas" "100 de Normandie" "St. Lambert, Quebec" "J4S 1T4" "Canada" "" "antoinettethomas@videotron.ca" "450-466-9459" "450-466-9459" "Karen Thomas" "" "" "" "" "" "207.253.205.107" "-" "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)" "","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Proposal" "","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Proposal" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","Slide Projector","","","","Antoinette, This is a test from Walter Griesinger"," Antoinette I am testing the website to make sure that you get this information as well as the ability to read this sample.","Walter Gries","890 East North Street","Calapa, Washington","456789 USA","","","icp@icp.org","456-5678","4566-5676878","George Jeff","icp@general.org","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","",""," ORIGINAL THINKING AND CHALLENGING OUT-OF-SCHOOL ACTIVITIES AS PREDICTORS OF CREATIVITY IN ART, COMPUTER, DRAMA, DANCE, AND SOCIAL LEADERSHIP IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN Roberta M. Milgram Tel Aviv University Ramat Aviv, Israel and College of Judea and Samaria Ariel, Israel The relationship between original thinking and challenging out-of-school activities and real-world talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership was examined in five predictor-criterion studies of preschool children. The predictors were the psychometric assessment of, 1) original thinking using a measure of divergent thinking, and 2)talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership based upon scores on the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory (Milgram, 1990). The criterion was the authentic assessment of defined dimensions of actual performance in each domain of talent and consisted of independent evaluations by at least two expert judges. A relationship was found between the predictors and the criterion indices. The findings demonstrated the concurrent validity of the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory and indicated that it may provide a useful tool to be used by teachersand parents. The self-report measure of intrinsically- motivated leisure activities is a way to identify specific talents in very young children and can provide guidelines to teachers and parents as to what materials and experiences to provide for them in order to develop their special abilities and interests. ","Roberta M. Milgram","P.O.B. 157 ","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","",""," ORIGINAL THINKING AND CHALLENGING OUT-OF-SCHOOL ACTIVITIES AS PREDICTORS OF CREATIVITY IN ART, COMPUTER, DRAMA, DANCE, AND SOCIAL LEADERSHIP IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN Roberta M. Milgram Tel Aviv University Ramat Aviv, Israel and College of Judea and Samaria Ariel, Israel The relationship between original thinking and challenging out-of-school activities and real-world talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership was examined in five predictor-criterion studies of preschool children. The predictors were the psychometric assessment of, 1) original thinking using a measure of divergent thinking, and 2)talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership based upon scores on the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory (Milgram, 1990). The criterion was the authentic assessment of defined dimensions of actual performance in each domain of talent and consisted of independent evaluations by at least two expert judges. A relationship was found between the predictors and the criterion indices. The findings demonstrated the concurrent validity of the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory and indicated that it may provide a useful tool to be used by teachersand parents. The self-report measure of intrinsically- motivated leisure activities is a way to identify specific talents in very young children and can provide guidelines to teachers and parents as to what materials and experiences to provide for them in order to develop their special abilities and interests. ","Roberta M. Milgram","P.O.B. 157 ","Kochav Yair 44864","Israel","","milgram@post.tau.ac.il","972 9 7493829","972 9 7493186","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","","","",""," THE RELATIONSHIP OF RAGE AND REVENGE IN MODERN TERRORISM: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF REVENGE Noach Milgram, Tel-Aviv University and the Academic College of Judea and Samaria, Israel The destruction of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 was a 9.00 on the Richter Scale in its psychological impact on the American psyche. The sight on TV of throngs of people in the Arab world —men, women, and children—exulting over the death of thousands of Americans was a secondary shock wave. This discussion hour is devoted to answering the question WHY. Why do they hate us [Americans] and why so much? One may explain this unexpected phenomenon pleasure in terms of theology and nationalism (the rise, the triumph, and the decline of Islam and Arab hegemony in the Middle East). Economic disparity in the Middle East (between rich and poor, with the United States on the side of the rich) is a second source of grievance. Geopolitical considerations (my enemy’s friend is my enemy) and the support of Israel by the United States is a third. These kinds of explanations are necessary, but not sufficient. One must consider the dynamics of humiliation, shame, rage, and revenge as they operate in the individual and the group, in order to understand the intensity of the hatred and its justification by terrorists and their supporters. In the eyes of many, grievous wrongs were inflicted upon Islam and the Arabs in the 20th century by the West, and especially by the United States and Israel. ","Noach Milgram","POB 157","Kochav Yair","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","","","",""," THE RELATIONSHIP OF RAGE AND REVENGE IN MODERN TERRORISM: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF REVENGE Noach Milgram, Tel-Aviv University and the Academic College of Judea and Samaria, Israel The destruction of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 was a 9.00 on the Richter Scale in its psychological impact on the American psyche. The sight on TV of throngs of people in the Arab world —men, women, and children—exulting over the death of thousands of Americans was a secondary shock wave. This discussion hour is devoted to answering the question WHY. Why do they hate us [Americans] and why so much? One may explain this unexpected phenomenon pleasure in terms of theology and nationalism (the rise, the triumph, and the decline of Islam and Arab hegemony in the Middle East). Economic disparity in the Middle East (between rich and poor, with the United States on the side of the rich) is a second source of grievance. Geopolitical considerations (my enemy’s friend is my enemy) and the support of Israel by the United States is a third. These kinds of explanations are necessary, but not sufficient. One must consider the dynamics of humiliation, shame, rage, and revenge as they operate in the individual and the group, in order to understand the intensity of the hatred and its justification by terrorists and their supporters. In the eyes of many, grievous wrongs were inflicted upon Islam and the Arabs in the 20th century by the West, and especially by the United States and Israel. ","Noach Milgram","POB 157","Kochav Yair 44864","Israel","","","milgram@post.tau.ac.il","972 9 7493829","972 9 7493186","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","THE EFFECT OF VOICE TRAINING ON STRESS REDUCTION: A PILOT STUDY HENRY L. JANZEN, PROFESSOR & DIRECTOR Faculty of Education Clinic, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5 HAROLD WIENS, PROFESSOR Department of Music, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5 Music therapy has been well-received and practiced since the 1950's. Voice training, on the other hand has had a much shorter hisory with a paucity of experimental evidence on it's effects. This pilot study sought to examine stress reduction effects for subjects receiving voice training. A music and voice expert and a psychologist collaborated to study the effects of voice training on stress symptoms. Twelve subjects volunteered to receive 14 voice training sessions, over a period of 14 weeks. Pre and post stress audits were completed by the subjects, and analyzed for pre to post ratings shifts, utilizing a simple t-test. One hour inverviews with each subject on post-training, gave additional data for a qualitative analysis. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed an impressive positive effect on reducing stress in all subjects. This session will demonstrate what voice training techniques were used, and hypotheses as to why voice training seemed to be effective in reducing stress. Qualitative data revealed at least 12 themes that demonstrated to us the possible reasons why voice training specifically, as a form of music therapy, can be useful as a stress-management technique for people of all ages. The literature seems to point consistently to the unity of voice, mind and soul. Music and singing, as well as speaking seem to work as wholistic activities. Expectancy-value, social-cognitive and positive addictions theories seem the best models, so far, in explaining the positive outcomes. ","Dr. Henry L. Janzen, Director","Faculty of Education Clinical Services","1-135 Education North","University of Alberta","Edmonton, Alberta ","Canada T6G 2G5","hank.janzen@ualberta.ca","(780)492-5718","(780)492-0962","Professor Harold Wiens","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","THE EFFECT OF VOICE TRAINING ON STRESS REDUCTION: A PILOT STUDY HENRY L. JANZEN, PROFESSOR & DIRECTOR HAROLD WIENS, PROFESSOR Faculty of Education Clinic, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5 Music therapy has been well-received and practiced since the 1950's. Voice training, on the other hand has had a much shorter history with a paucity of experimental evidence on it's effects. This pilot study sought to examine stress reduction effects for subjects receiving voice training. A music and voice expert and a psychologist collaborated to study the effects of voice training on stress symptoms. Twelve subjects volunteered to receive 14 voice training sessions, over a period of 14 weeks. Pre and post stress audits were completed by the subjects, and analyzed for pre to post rating shifts, utilizing a simple t-test. One hour interviews with each subject on post-training, gave additional data for a qualitative analysis. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed an impressive positive effect on reducing stress inall subjects. This sessin will demonstrate what voice training techniques were used, and hypotheses as to why voice training seemed to be effective in reducing stress. Qualitative data revealed at least 12 themes that demonstrated to us the possible reasons why voice training specifically, as a form of music therapy, can be useful as a stress-management technique for people of all ages. The literature seems to point consistently to the unity of voice, mind and soul. Music and singing, as well as speaking seem to work as wholistic activities. Expectancy-value, social-cognitive and positive addictions theories seem the best models, so far, in explaining the positive outcomes. ","Dr. Henry L. Janzen, Director","Faculty of Education Clinical Services","1-135 Education North","University of Alberta","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","THE EFFECT OF VOICE TRAINING ON STRESS REDUCTION: A PILOT STUDY HENRY L. JANZEN, PROFESSOR & DIRECTOR HAROLD WIENS, PROFESSOR Faculty of Education Clinic, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2G5 Music therapy has been well-received and practiced since the 1950's. Voice training, on the other hand has had a much shorter history with a paucity of experimental evidence on it's effects. This pilot study sought to examine stress reduction effects for subjects receiving voice training. A music and voice expert and a psychologist collaborated to study the effects of voice training on stress symptoms. Twelve subjects volunteered to receive 14 voice training sessions, over a period of 14 weeks. Pre and post stress audits were completed by the subjects, and analyzed for pre to post rating shifts, utilizing a simple t-test. One hour interviews with each subject on post-training, gave additional data for a qualitative analysis. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed an impressive positive effect on reducing stress inall subjects. This sessin will demonstrate what voice training techniques were used, and hypotheses as to why voice training seemed to be effective in reducing stress. Qualitative data revealed at least 12 themes that demonstrated to us the possible reasons why voice training specifically, as a form of music therapy, can be useful as a stress-management technique for people of all ages. The literature seems to point consistently to the unity of voice, mind and soul. Music and singing, as well as speaking seem to work as wholistic activities. Expectancy-value, social-cognitive and positive addictions theories seem the best models, so far, in explaining the positive outcomes. ","Dr. Henry L. Janzen, Director","Faculty of Education Clinical Services","1-135 Education North","University of Alberta","Edmonton, Alberta","Canada T6G 2G5","hank.janzen@ualberta.ca","(780)492-5718","(780)492-0962","Professor Harold Wiens","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","THE EFFECT OF VOICE TRAINING ON STRESS REDUCTION: A PILOT STUDY HENRY L. JANZEN, PROF & DIRECTOR HAROLD WIENS, PROFESSOR Faculty of Education Clinic, University of Alberta Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G5 Music therapy has been well received and practiced since the 1950’s. Voice training, on the other hand has had a much shorter history with a paucity of experimental evidence on its effects. This pilot study sought to examine stress reduction effects for subjects receiving voice training. A music and voice expert and a psychologist collaborated to study the effects of voice training on stress symptoms. Twelve subjects volunteered to receive 14 voice training sessions, over a period of 14 weeks. Pre and post stress audits were completed by the subjects, and analyzed for pre to post ratings shifts, utilizing a simple t-test. One hour interviews with each subject on post-training, gave additional data for a qualitative analysis. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis showed an impressive positive effect on reducing stress in all subjects. This session will demonstrate what voice training techniques were used, and hypotheses as to why voice training seemed to be effective in reducing stress. Qualitative data revealed at least 12 themes that demonstrated to us the possible reasons why voice training specifically, as a form of music therapy, can be useful as a stress management technique for people of all ages. The literature seems to point consistently to the unity of voice, mind and soul. Music and singing, as well as speaking seem to work as wholistic activities. Expectancy value, social-cognitive and positive addictions theories seem the best models, so far, in explaining the positive outcomes. ","Dr. Henry L. Janzen, Director","Faculty of Education Clinical Services","1-135 Education North","University of Alberta","Edmonton, alberta","Canada T6G 2G5","hank.janzen@ualberta.ca","(780)492-5718","(780)492-0962","Professor Harold Wiens","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","To be used as a test only ORIGINAL THINKING AND CHALLENGING OUT-OF-SCHOOL ACTIVITIES AS PREDICTORS OF CREATIVITY IN ART, COMPUTER, DRAMA, DANCE, AND SOCIAL LEADERSHIP IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN Roberta M. Milgram Tel Aviv University Ramat Aviv, Israel and College of Judea and Samaria Ariel, Israel The relationship between original thinking and challenging out-of-school activities and real-world talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership was examined in five predictor-criterion studies of preschool children. The predictors were the psychometric assessment of, 1) original thinking using a measure of divergent thinking, and 2)talent in art, computer, drama, dance, and social leadership based upon scores on the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory (Milgram, 1990). The criterion was the authentic assessment of defined dimensions of actual performance in each domain of talent and consisted of independent evaluations by at least two expert judges. A relationship was found between the predictors and the criterion indices. The findings demonstrated the concurrent validity of the Tel Aviv Activities and Accomplishments Inventory and indicated that it may provide a useful tool to be used by teachersand parents. The self-report measure of intrinsically- motivated leisure activities is a way to identify specific talents in very young children and can provide guidelines to teachers and parents as to what materials and experiences to provide for them in order to develop their special abilities and interests. ","Karen Thomas","100 de Normandie","St. Lambert, Quebec","J4S 1T4","Canada","","karenthomas2@yahoo.com","450-466-9459","450-466-9459","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","ALLEVIATION AND PREVENTION OF FUNCTIONAL GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS Cecilia CHENG, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Functional gastrointestinal disorders are among the most common problems encountered in clinical practice, and the population prevalence of having functional gastrointestinal disorders is estimated to be 18.5%. The prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders heightens the need for investigating psychosocial risk and resources factors related to vulnerability to these distressing health problems. The author has conducted a program of studies in the past years exploring risk and resource factors underlying functional gastrointestinal disorders. Results from this body of research showed that monitoring perceptual style is a risk factor that enhances one's vulnerability to functional gastrointestinal disorders, whereas flexible coping and social support are resource factors that reduce one's vulnerability to these problems. Understanding the influence of psychosocial factors on gastrointestinal symptoms may have implications for alleviating or preventing functional gastrointestinal disorders. Because anxiety and depression are psychological co-morbid factors of functional gastrointestinal disorders, understanding these mechanisms may shed light on possible ways of handling life stress and utilizing psychosocial resources, thus fostering the promotion of mental and physical health among individuals with functional gastrointestinal disorders. ","Cecilia CHENG","Division of Social Science","Hong Kong University of Science and Technology","Clear Water Bay","Kowloon","HONG KONG","c.cheng@ust.hk","852-2358-7836","852-2335-0014","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","SVGA Projector","","either overhead projector or power point","Proposal for presentation at ICP Forensic Interest Group (Manila, July 1-5, 2002) CURRENT TREND IN ASSESSING PAROLEE SEX OFFENDERS Dr. Giorgio E. Ilacqua, C. Psych. The presentation is intended to provide a complete overview of the issues arising when assessing sex offenders released to the community. The presentation will focus on the use of psychometric instruments to determine recidivism risk (GSIR, STATIC 99, SONAR, LSI-R, VRAG, Hare Psychopathy Checklist-II, Multiphasic Sex Inventory- II, Denial and Minimazion Scale). The discussion will show how psychometric results together with information relative to institutional behaviour, phallometric reports, rehabilitation programs and current life situation, provide the information necessary for a multifaceted evaluation of general, violent, sexual and current risk for recidivism. The three major elements of risk assessment will ne reviewed, static risk, (appraisal of historical factors not generally susceptible to change over time), dynamic risk, (daily variables susceptible to change via treatment or other interventions), actuarial projections of risk to reoffend. The presentation will describe how the various psychometric test are utilized, how clinical judgement is sometimes necessary and in general the work of the psychologist is monitoring the ongoing risk situations of parolees.. The presentation will also provide basic statistics about sex offenders released on parole in the Southern Ontario Region (Canada). ","Giorgio E. Ilacqua","1011 Dufferin St., #203","Toronto, ON","M6H 4B5","Canada","","drgiorgio@sympatico.ca","416.516-7757","416.516-6141","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","","Bluffing on the Internet─ Investigation on the phenomenon of BBS multiple ID users self-conversations within different IDs in Taiwan. The developing of Internet has changed the method of interpersonal communications from people-to-people to ID-to-ID communications. Everyone who sits in front of the computer establishes his own image on the Internet, and which may be different from his own image in the real world. That’s what we can’t be sure according to the user’s ID on the Internet, are those two images are identical or not. In previous research, we found that sometimes one person has more than one ID and each of it functions in different ways. For example, in Sherry Turkle’s(1998) Life on the Screen, there is a case that an American university student played four roles on the Internet. Another example is from Ho Jin-Chang’s (2000)article called “The Characteristics and Cognitive Demands of Multiple ID Users on the BBS.” According to that article, we discover a phenomenon which is there might be conversations within different IDs which are owned by the same user. In this research, we are going to have a further investigation on the phenomenon of conversations within different IDs. This research is done by deep-going interviews, and we found out that 1.Multiple ID users on the Internet use different IDs and each of them are given with distinct functions. 2.Users on the Internet tend to have multiple ID’s conversations in the purpose of letting others think this kind of discourse is formed by many people. 3.Users who are in charge of any BBS board tend to use multiple ID discourse aiming to carrying out board regulations (to admit mistakes, make issue, create topics,or adjust conflicts.) 4.The purpose of discourse is to reply to oneself as a way to regulate the sense of loneliness. 5.It is also a way of introspection. Key words: Multiple ID users, self-conversation, and BBS ","Ho Ying-Han","Graduate school of social informatics","No. 135, Yuandung Rd ","Jungli City, Taoyuan","Taiwan 320","","s897910@mail.yzu.edu.tw","+8863-4638800-769","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","SVGA Projector","","Lite Pro & Laptop","PSYCHODYMANIC SUPERVISION- IMPROVEMENT OF CLINICAL PRACTICE OR RISK MANAGEMENT TOOL Manuela H. Habicht, Ph.D. An introduction to supervision as a psychodynamic psychotherapy training method is provided. It is pointed out that outcomes in psychodynamic supervision and their influences on clinician practice are dependent on a number of variables. Theoretical orientation of supervisor and supervisee as well as the style of the supervisor are some aspects that are reviewed in detail. As part of the working alliance the concept of parallel process in supervision and its importance for parallels between psychodynamic therapy and psychodynamic supervision is discussed. A definition of parallel process is provided. It is followed by a comprehensive review of the theoretical constructs and some empirical studies regarding the existence of parallel process in supervision. It is pointed out that supervision and dynamic psychotherapy are helping processes, which require the involvement of the self and rely heavily on multiple identificatory processes to achieve effectiveness (Gediman & Wolkenfeld, 1980). Recommendations for the facilitative application of the parallel process in supervision of therapists are provided. The role of supervision as a risk management tool is emphasized and it is concluded that further research into the effectiveness of supervision is necessary and should be accompanied by the development of appropriate supervisory programs to raise awareness for the problems that arise during the supervision process. ","Dr. Manuela H. Habicht","6 Spies Court","Toowoomba QLD 4350","Australia","","","100104.2743@Compuserve.com","+ 61 412330281","+61 7 33022392","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","",""," EXPERT WITNESS: THE FILIPINO MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS EXPERIENCE AFTER THE MOLINA DOCTRINE Natividad A dayan, Ph.D. De La Salle University Manila, Philippines This research looks at how filipino clinical pyschologists and psychiatrists handle being an expert witness for marital nullity after the Molina Doctrine. The 20 respondents (10 psychiatrists and 10 clinical psychologists) showed how they coped with the stingent requirements of the Molina Doctrine proving that the psychological incapacity of the petitioners or respondents for marital nullity is serious, incurable, and has judicial antecedents.","Natividad A. Dayan, Ph.D.","Suite 2103 V.V. Soliven Shopping Complex","EDSA, Greenhills, San Juan, M.M.","Philippines","","","bereps@pacific.net.ph","(632) 724 5358","(632) 721 7133","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","Overhead Projector","","","PowerPoint","THE IMPOTENCE OF THE ""FAILED"" MIGRANT Dr. M. Consuelo Barreda-Hanson Disorders of secodary erectile dysfunction with no clear organic explanation are often seen in clinical settings and frequently accompany ther psychological symptoms. Their frequency and severity are known to vary within and across cultural groups. Though its relationship to stress factors and depression has been well research its relationship to cultural or migration stressors is not well know. Yet we know that migration is a majoar life change and that life changes are psychosocial transitions with built-in-stressors that have been related to onset of emotional symptomatology and problems. If this is so, it then can be safely assumed that sexual dysfunction could be a consequence of migration stressors. The quesiton still remains, however, as to how is this connection made. It is the answer to this question that I shall attempt to portray in this discussion. Ishall do so byn drawing on my experience with Hispanic client in the United States and Australia. Firstly, I will summarize the presentation and historical background of one of my clients as an illusttration of this symptom and then outline the phases of migration he went through and the variables that affect ""acculturation"". I shall then suggest a schema for therapeutic intervention.","M. Consuelo Barreda-Hanson, Ph.D.","The Canberra Hospital","Yamba Drive","Garran, ACT 2606","AUSTRALIA","","consuelo.barreda@act.gov.au","+61-02-2442045","+61-02-62444223","NIL","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","","","none"," SELF- COGNITION ANDUNDERST ANDINGOTHERS: OVERT AND OVERT LEVELS Seisoh Sukemune Mukogawa Women's University Nishinomiya, Japan There are many aspects and variables underlying self-cognition and understanding others. This presentation emphasizes the psychological functioning of self-cognition and understanding others in terms of covert and overt levels. There are four aspects of self-cognition and understanding others. First, one perceives oneself(self-cognition).Second, one perceives how others may perceive oneself(cognition of self which may be perceived by others). Third, one perceives others (understanding others). Finally, one perceives how others may perceive themselves(understanding others who may perceive themselves). Each of these aspects is concerned with both covert and overt levels. Both covert and overt levels are dichotomized at least, positive or negative, even though each level may consist of a continuous variable rather than a discrete one. We must see how we cognize ourselves and others at the covert and overt levels. There can be several outcomes depending on the specific quadrant or categorization at each level. Each person should be located in any cell for a specific behavior and attitude. Health psychologists are expected to do research on self-cognition and understanding others in terms of covert and overt levels for the sake of sound self-cognition and understanding others. Healthy self-cognition and better understanding of others would lead to human well-being. Helping others grow comes from such a cognition and understanding others. ","SEISOH SUKEMUNE","Mukogawa Women's University","6-46 Ikebiraki-cho, NIshinomiya 663-8558","JAPAN","","","seisohok@mwu.mukogawa-u.ac.jp","+81 798 45 9911","+81 798 45 3553","In our symposium we have six presenters, and one discussant. Please see my email regarding the list of paticipants.","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","","","none"," WAR, PEACE, AND EDUCATION: INESTIMATABLE LIFE PERSPECTIVE Seisoh Sukemune, Ph.D Mukogawa Women's University Nishinomiya, Japan Just after World War II in 1945, most Japanese adults and upper school students were devastated that Japan had been defeated in war. The present author was only sixteen years old at that time, and was not an exception. In defeat, most Japanese traditional values in many aspects, excepting religion, changed into the quite opposite directions. Among the many changed values, people's attitude toward war was of great importance. Most adults' remarks on reflection were that they had “had enough of war,” rather than being concerned with ""the dignity of life."" The present author emphasizes that this perspective is quite irrelevant in terms of peace and human rights. What if we have people they have “had enough”? The essential point is that we must deny such an idea, and rather switch to the idea of ""inestimably precious life."" This idea of life dignity is not only an important point for human life, but is a necessary key point for peace. ""The pen is mightier than the sword"" is most important. This notion must be come from education. The highest vision is to inculcate mutual understanding and respect through co-experience in education across the international community. It is vital to gain mutual understanding, through co-experience in education, in the world. Such co-experience educational programs must be also created locally to propagate global understanding. In this connection, it is hoped that public or community schools play the critical role in the education of the young. ","SEISOH SUKEMUNE","Mukogawa Women's University","6-46 Ikebiraki-cho, Nishinomiya 663-8558","Japan","","","seisohok@mwu.mukogawa-u.ac.jp","+81 798 45 9911","+81 798 45 3553","I am a presenter of Sandra Neil's symposium. ","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","multimedia projector and computer for powerpoint presentation","MODELING TECHNOPHOBIA Regina Hechanova-Alampay, Ateneo de Manila University Manual C. Dioquino, Jr., University of the Philippines A study of 137 workers in 5 Philippine organizations were surveyed to determine the individual and organizational antecedents of anxiety towards the use of computers or technophobia. Access to computers, technical support and computer skills predicted technophobia. Furthermore, level of computer skills was influenced by years of usage and computer training. In turn, usage and computer training were determined by beliefs about computers. This model was tested using structural equation modeling. The results highlight the importance of organizational interventions especially when introducing computerization in the workplace.","Regina Hechanova-Alampay","Ateneo de Manila University","Dept. of Psychology","Quezon City, Philippines","","","ralampay@admu.edu.ph","(632) 426-6065","","Manuel C. Dioquino, Jr.","mdioquino@up.edu.ph ","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","",""," computer, LCD (powerpoint presentation)","EXPERIENTIAL-TRANSFORMATIVE TRAINING FOR OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN A PHILIPPINE BANK WORKFORCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Glody T. Reyes, MA and Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D. University of Santo Tomas This investigation aimed to determine the effect of the Experiential-Transformative Training on work-related stress and coping resources of personnel in a Philippine Bank Workforce. Sixty-four (64) randomly selected research participants from a total population of one hundred and five (105) who perceived themselves as stressful were identified to possess high levels of stress (>7 sten score) as measured by the IPAT Anxiety Scale. True experimental design – pretest and posttest control group design – was used. Both the experimental and the control groups were pretested and posttested using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Occupational Stress Inventory – Revised. The Experiential-Transformative Training given to the experimental group had a total of 4-session module of 4 hours per session, held in one-month duration. Conversely, the control group was subjected to an Alternative Wellness Program as placebo. Statistical results showed a significant decrease in the state anxiety levels as well as in the vocational, psychological, interpersonal, and physical strain of the experimental group. Although the placebo effected a significant decrease on the psychological dimension, it did not show significant effect on the state and trait anxiety level of the control group. Self-care, recreation, and rational/cognitive coping resources significantly increased after the experimental treatment while only the self-care factor significantly increased after the placebo. Thus, the Experiential-Transformative Training for Occupational Stress, which consisted of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping interventions, is significantly effective in reducing high levels of work-related stress and in increasing coping resources. Keywords: experiential learning, transformative training, occupational stress, stress management, coping ","Glody T. Reyes","University of Santo Tomas","Center for Educational Research and Development","Espańa, Manila","","","lobance2@yahoo.com","7313101 loc 4038/8325","7313101 loc 4038/ 7409730","Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D.","lobance2@yahoo.com","N/A","N/A","N/A","N/A","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","",""," COMPUTER, LCD (POWERPOINT PRESENTATION)","EXPERIENTIAL-TRANSFORMATIVE TRAINING FOR OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN A PHILIPPINE BANK WORKFORCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Glody T. Reyes, MA and Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D. University of Santo Tomas Manila, Philippines This investigation aimed to determine the effect of the Experiential-Transformative Training on work-related stress and coping resources of personnel in a Philippine Bank Workforce. Sixty-four (64) randomly selected research participants from a total population of one hundred and five (105) who perceived themselves as stressful were identified to possess high levels of stress (>7 sten score) as measured by the IPAT Anxiety Scale. True experimental design – pretest and posttest control group design – was used. Both the experimental and the control groups were pretested and posttested using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Occupational Stress Inventory – Revised. The Experiential-Transformative Training given to the experimental group had a total of 4-session module of 4 hours per session, held in one-month duration. Conversely, the control group was subjected to an Alternative Wellness Program as placebo. Statistical results showed a significant decrease in the state anxiety levels as well as in the vocational, psychological, interpersonal, and physical strain of the experimental group. Although the placebo effected a significant decrease on the psychological dimension, it did not show significant effect on the state and trait anxiety level of the control group. Self-care, recreation, and rational/cognitive coping resources significantly increased after the experimental treatment while only the self-care factor significantly increased after the placebo. Thus, the Experiential-Transformative Training for Occupational Stress, which consisted of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping interventions, is significantly effective in reducing high levels of work-related stress and in increasing coping resources. Keywords: experiential learning, transformative training, occupational stress, stress management, coping ","Glody T. Reyes, MA","University of Santo Tomas","Center for Educational Research and Development","Espana, Manila","Philippines","","lobance2@yahoo.com","(63-2) 7313101 loc 4038/8325","(63-2) 7313101 loc 4038/ 7409730","Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D.","lobance2@yahoo.com","N/A","N/A","N/A","N/A","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","",""," COMPUTER, LCD (POWERPOINT PRESENTATION)","EXPERIENTIAL-TRANSFORMATIVE TRAINING FOR OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN A PHILIPPINE BANK WORKFORCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Glody T. Reyes, MA and Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D. University of Santo Tomas Manila, Philippines This investigation aimed to determine the effect of the Experiential-Transformative Training on work-related stress and coping resources of personnel in a Philippine Bank Workforce. Sixty-four (64) randomly selected research participants from a total population of one hundred and five (105) who perceived themselves as stressful were identified to possess high levels of stress (>7 sten score) as measured by the IPAT Anxiety Scale. True experimental design – pretest and posttest control group design – was used. Both the experimental and the control groups were pretested and posttested using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Occupational Stress Inventory – Revised. The Experiential-Transformative Training given to the experimental group had a total of 4-session module of 4 hours per session, held in one-month duration. Conversely, the control group was subjected to an Alternative Wellness Program as placebo. Statistical results showed a significant decrease in the state anxiety levels as well as in the vocational, psychological, interpersonal, and physical strain of the experimental group. Although the placebo effected a significant decrease on the psychological dimension, it did not show significant effect on the state and trait anxiety level of the control group. Self-care, recreation, and rational/cognitive coping resources significantly increased after the experimental treatment while only the self-care factor significantly increased after the placebo. Thus, the Experiential-Transformative Training for Occupational Stress, which consisted of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping interventions, is significantly effective in reducing high levels of work-related stress and in increasing coping resources. Keywords: experiential learning, transformative training, occupational stress, stress management, coping ","Glody T. Reyes, MA","University of Santo Tomas","Center for Educational Research and Development","Espana, Manila","Philippines","","lobance2@yahoo.com","(63-2) 7313101 loc 4038/8325","(63-2) 7313101 loc 4038/ 7409730","Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D.","lobance2@yahoo.com","N/A","N/A","N/A","N/A","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","Slide Projector","","","",""," GLASS CEILING IN THE UNIVERSITY: IN SEARCH OF THEORETICAL PARADIGM Prf. Dra. Ana Guil Dept. of Social Psychology University of Sevilla The normal in a work of investigation is to present the first theoretical frame and later to use the methodology that this one prescribes. Conscious of it, we invested to the terms in our communication to the last convention in Winchester, presenting empirical data on the barriers that find the women for their promotion in the university race. Now we want to explain why of this investment and to contribute theoretical foundations to our investigation. We had necessity to present the first real data for two reasons: first because nobody creates in principle that still discriminations in the University exist and secondly, by its difficulty to be analyzed from habitual the theoretical parameters in the academic scopes. The theoretical proposal that we presented involved three theoretical perspective: the Feminist Theory, the Paradigm Systemic and the Psychology of the Work and the Organizations. ","ANA GUIL","DEPARTAMENT OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY","UNIVERSITY OF SEVILLA","C/ CAMILO JOSE CELA s/n","41018-SEVILLA","","anaguil@us.es","34 (9)54 557703","34 (9) 54 557711","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","Slide Projector","","","","","PSYCHOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR THE SELF- REHABILITATION OF PRISONERS Jesus Enrique G. Saplala Viktor Frankl, a staunch believer in man's capabilities despite the odds, proposed that men could find inner freedom only when they know themselves. Skwelahang Sikolohiya - a nonformal apostolate program of the Philippine Jesuit Prison Service at the national penitentiary works on that premise: to use psychology as a tool for teaching self-rehabilitation. For the past seven (7) years, more than two hundred (200) prisoners from the maximum-security compound went through the program by taking up different modules and courses in psychology specifically on general psychology, self-examination, anger management, family dynamics, psychospirituality and peer counseling. This paper is an examination and an evaluation of the Skwelahang Sikolohiya program, which proposes that psychology can be used as a tool for the self-rehabilitation of prisoners. It utilizes data gathered from actual cases and evaluation referred to the researcher as volunteer counseling psychologist in the prisons can initiate prisoners to use it for confronting and healing past issues and accepting responsibility towards one's behavior that may lead to self-rehabilitation. ","Jesus Enrique G. Saplala","Miriam College Foundation, Inc.","Katipunan Avenue, Loyola Heights","Quezon City, the Philippines","","","jaysaplala@yahoo.com","372-2292","927-2421","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","PSYCHOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR THE SELF- REHABILITATION OF PRISONERS Jesus Enrique G. Saplala Viktor Frankl, a staunch believer in man's capabilities despite the odds, proposed that men could find inner freedom only when they know themselves. Skwelahang Sikolohiya - a nonformal apostolate program of the Philippine Jesuit Prison Service at the national penitentiary works on that premise: to use psychology as a tool for teaching self-rehabilitation. For the past seven (7) years, more than two hundred (200) prisoners from the maximum-security compound went through the program by taking up different modules and courses in psychology specifically on general psychology, self-examination, anger management, family dynamics, psychospirituality and peer counseling. This paper is an examination and an evaluation of the Skwelahang Sikolohiya program, which proposes that psychology can be used as a tool for the self-rehabilitation of prisoners. It utilizes data gathered from actual cases and evaluation referred to the researcher as volunteer counseling psychologist in the prisons can initiate prisoners to use it for confronting and healing past issues and accepting responsibility towards one's behavior that may lead to self-rehabilitation. ","Jesus Enrique G. Saplala","Miriam College Foundation, Inc.","Katipunan Avenue, Loyola Heights","Quezon City, the Philippines","","","jaysaplala@yahoo.com","372-2292","927-2421","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","An Investigation of the Prisoner's Self Concept Jesus Enrique G. Saplala Self-concept is defined as a product of the person's experiences, values, meanings and beliefs (Gilliland, 1989) and the incarceration of an individual may drastically change this concept especially if his self-concept is very much dependent on the environment. This paper focuses on the prisoner's concept of his self based on a researcher-constructed questionnaire, Konsepto ng Sarili. Sixty-eight (68) descriptions of one's self were used as texts for content analysis. Questions on the prisoner's feelings and thoughts, how he would introduce himself, how similar or different he is frok others and what are the things that he values in life are part of the researcher-constructed questionnaire. Results show that most of the prisoners would introduce themselves according to how they would behave in prison with a few using self-descriptions based on their thoughts and feelings. This concept of self in relation to others are described in a simple and sometimes, literal way, or according to the beliefs they stand for or an emphasis on giving importance to himself.","Jesus Enrique G. Saplala","Miriam College Foundation, Inc.","Katipunan Avenue, Loyola Heights","Quezon City, the Philippines","","","jaysaplala@yahoo.com","(02) 433-5369","(02) 9272421","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","computer and lcd (powerpoint presentation)","ENHANCING THE LEVEL OF OPTIMISM OF FEMALE INMATES THROUGH HUMANITY’S BETTER NATURE (HBN) PROGRAM Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D. University of Santo Tomas Philippines This study aimed to discover the effect of “Humanity’s Better Nature” (HBN) Program on the level of optimism of female inmates of the Correctional Institution for Women in the Philippines. One of the objectives of the HBN program is to help the inmates see reality with the necessary clarity, perseverance in the face of routine setbacks and even of major failures, and achieve the goals set by themselves. In conceptualizing the HBN program, George Kelly’s personal constructs and Albert Bandura’s environmental and situational variables (Ziegler, 1992) were considered as factors which influence the behavior of female inmates leading to their existing level of optimism. With the objective of enhancing the participants’ existing level of optimism, activities were formulated based on Martin Seligman’s “Roots of Positive Life” (1998), and Albert Ellis’ “Rational Emotive Therapy” (1996). Thirty (30) female Filipino inmates sentenced with life imprisonment participated in the study. This research made use of true experimental design, pretest-posttest control group design. Both experimental and control groups were given the Association Adjustment Inventory (AAI) and the Purpose in Life (PIL) tests. The HBN program given to the experimental group had a total of seven (7) sessions with each session lasting an average of 2 hours. Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed ranks test of significant difference between the pre-test and posttest of the experimental group showed that the level of optimism of the female inmates was significantly enhanced due to the effect of “Humanity’s Better Nature” Program- an intervention for helping inmates grow in optimism. ","Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D.","University of Santo Tomas, Espańa, Manila, Philippines ","","","","","lobance2@yahoo.com","7313101 local 4038 or 8035","7313101 local 4038/7409730","n/a","n/a","n/a","n/a","n/a","n/a","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","COMPUTER, LCD (POWERPOINT PRESENTATION)","EXPERIENTIAL-TRANSFORMATIVE TRAINING FOR OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN A PHILIPPINE BANK WORKFORCE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY Glody T. Reyes, MA and Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D. This investigation aimed to determine the effect of the Experiential-Transformative Training on work-related stress, strain, and coping resources of personnel in a Philippine Bank Workforce. Sixty-four (64) randomly selected research participants from a total population of one hundred and five (105) who perceived themselves as stressful were identified to possess high levels of stress (>7 sten score) as measured by the IPAT Anxiety Scale. True experimental design – pretest and posttest control group design – was used. Both the experimental and the control groups were pretested and posttested using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Occupational Stress Inventory – Revised. The Experiential-Transformative Training given to the experimental group had a total of 4-session module of 4 hours per session, held in one-month duration. Conversely, the control group was subjected to an Alternative Wellness Program as placebo. Statistical results showed a significant decrease in the state anxiety levels as well as in the vocational, psychological, interpersonal, and physical strain of the experimental group. Although the placebo effected a significant decrease on the psychological dimension, it did not show significant effect on the state and trait anxiety level of the control group. Self-care, recreation, and rational/cognitive coping resources significantly increased after the experimental treatment while only the self-care factor significantly increased after the placebo. Thus, the Experiential-Transformative Training for Occupational Stress, in teaching emotion-focused and problem-focused coping interventions, is significantly effective in reducing high levels of work-related stress and in increasing coping resources.","Glody T. Reyes, MA","132 J. Mariano Street, Balintawak, Caloocan City, Philippines","","","","","glodyreyes@yahoo.com","(+632)366-5479","","Lucila O. Bance, Ph.D.","lobance2@yahoo.com","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","The Jordanian Working Women Perception of life Adjustment Domains By Siham Abueita Hashemite University Zarka- Jordan This study aims to investigate how the Jordanian working women perceived the life difficulties domains through answering the study questionnaire. To answer the study questions, the means, the standard deviation, and the multivariate at .05 level were used to analyze the data. The study results indicate the following: -The woman who have high school education face more difficulties: psychological, social, political and career, than the other women who hold diploma or B A degree. - The women who her age are less than 30 years face psychological and career difficulties more than other women who are older than 30 years, and the woman who are between 41-50 face social and political difficulties more than the other women . -The divorce women face psychological and social , more than married and single women , but the single women face political and career difficulties more than married and divorce women -Women work in health service face more political and career difficulties than the other women who work in other kinds of job, but the women who work in social work job face more psychological and social difficulties than the other women who work the other jobs. -Women, who has less then (5) years experience face more psychological, social, political and career difficulties than the women who have more then a five years experience -However, the women rate political difficulty the heights, then career, social, and psychological. -The ""F"" values, indicate there were significant differences among the women, according the study variables: age, degree, job, marital status, age with degree , age with job, age with marital status , degree with job, degree with marital status. The study ended by some recommendations "," Dr.Siham Abueita","P.O.Box 23 Tela'a Al-Ali","Amman - Jordan","","","","abueita@hu.edu.jo","9626 /5693574","9625/ 3826613","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","IDENTIFYING NEW AREAS FOR INTERVENTION OF LOW-ACHIEVING FILIPINO STUDENTS: ACHIEVEMENT GOALS, LEARNING STRATEGIES, AND VALUES FOR EDUCATION Allan B.I. Bernardo A group of low-achieving high school students were profiled compared to a group of average-achieving students. The students were profiled in terms of their achievement goals, learning strategies, and education values. A questionnaire used to asses students' self-reported adoption of achievement goals was adopted from (Harackiewiez, et al, 2000). The laerning strategies scales from the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, et al, 1991) were also used. Finally, a questionnaire was developed to assess students' abstract and pragmatic beliefs about the value of education. The results show that low-achieving students were: (a) less likely to adopt mastery and performance achivement goals, (b) less likely to undertake organizational learning strategies, (c) less likely to believe that finishing high school is important to succeed in life. For the low-achieving students, belief in the pragmatic values of education was correlated with adoption of a performance achiement goal, which was correlated with the use of more learning strategies. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for identifying new interventions to helping low-achieving students in the Philippines.","Allan B. I. Bernardo","De La Sall University - Manila","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","1004 Phillipines","","","claabb@dlsu.edu.ph","(632) 526 5915","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH IN THE PHILIPPINES: A REVIEW OF RECENT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY LITERATURE Allan B.I. Bernardo Contributions of Filipino psychologists to the international psychology literature from 1991 to 2000 were studied in terms of various procedural and substantive aspects. The results showed that most contributions came from psychologists in three leading universities; that many contributions involved collaborations among Filipino and foreign psychologists; and that most of the contributions are published in the core journals of the discipline. The results also indicate that most of the contributions seem to take an indigenizing orientation, where topics and problems are chosen for their local interest and relevance. However, this indigenizing orientation is found mostly in the theoritical/conceptual level, as the methodological approaches taken taken conform to the highly experimental and quantitative orientation of mainstream psychology. The results are discussed in relation to the tendency to assimilate and accomodate features of mainstream Western psychology and of indigenous psychology perspectives.","Allan B.I. Bernardo","De La Salle University - Manila ","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","1004 Philippines","","","claabb@dlsu.edu.ph ","(632) 526 5915","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY IN THE PHILIPPINES Mary Lou U. Onglatco The paper seeks to give an overview on the current state of I-O Psychology in the Philippines. Content areas in I-O Psych. that have been covered in research both published locally and internationally will be given emphasis. The paper will provide an update after the work of Alampay and samonte (2000). I-O Psychology remains a relatively new field in the Philippines, although its applications, more specifically in Human Resource Management and Organization Development are better known especially practitioners in the field.","Mary Lou U. Onglatco","Department of Psychology","University of the Philippines","Diliman, Quezon City","1101 Philippines","","hpd@pworld.net.ph","(632) 526 5915","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","STATE OF THE ART PSYCHOLOGCAL ASSESSMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES Conchita V. Umali This paper deals with the recent trends and developments in the field of psychological assessment, both in theory and prctice in the Philippine context. It discusses the scope, nature, types, and levels of assessment in diverse applications. It attemps to list numerous original standardized Filipino assessment tools developed by Filipino psychologists. The paper also touches on issues and emerging models of assessment.","Conchita V. Umali","Assumption College","Graduate School","San Lorenzo Drive","San Lorenzo Village, Makati City","Philippines","conchita_umali@yahoo.com","(632) 842 5915","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SUPPORT FOR DIVORCE INTERNATIONALLY Joy K. Rice, Ph.D. Divorce has become a global phenomenon and a far more predictable part of individual and family life cycle. Yet attitudes, social policies and institutional supports for divorcing families, women and children vary widely across nations and countries. Some major important consequences of divorce are the negative economic outcomes for women and children that have contributed to an increase in the worldwide trend of the feminization of poverty. This presentation will briefly compare several countries that offer interesting and comparative contrasts regarding divorce. These contrasts can be seen in the incidence of divorce, in the cultural influences on how divorce and marriage are regarded, and in the resulting social policies and support for divorced single parent familiescountries. Recommendations for changes in attitudes and policies internationally will also be addressed.","Joy K. Rice, Ph.D.","4230 Waban Hill","Madison, Wisconsin 53711","USA","","","jkrice@facstaff.wisc.edu","1 608 271 3177","1 608 274 6311","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","MELIBU THERAPY FOR ""LOST' FILIPINO ADOLESC'ENTS DR. FELOMINO A. GARGAR Co-Founder, St. Peter's Counseling Home Chairman Counselor Education and Special Education Graduate Programs University of Southern Philippines3 Davao City The economic situation of the greatest number of Filipinos is traditionally represented with a pyramid with a very few rich ones; a thinning number of the middle class and the majority are at the base of the pyramid belong economically disadvantaged. Many Filipinos are less privileged, the situation becomes more difficult with all the crises that haunt the parents and their children and the pains of growing up. ""Lost” adolescents are young Filipinos from the different places of Mindanao with ages ranging from 15 to 19. They are ""lost” because they are confused, they are troubled, they are drug users, their families cannot understand them as they have also have difficulties' of understanding themselves. But there is a ray of hope for them; they desire for a better life. These adolescents; were referred to the researcher from the period 1988 to 2002. The researcher being a manager of a neuro and drug testing centers in Koronadal City, Davao City, Tagum City, Butuan City, Bislig City, and Surigao City had a lot or opportunities to meet adolescents who took drugs in the three regions of Mindanao namely Region XI, Region XII, and Region III. Fifty (50) subjects of the study served as Clinic Aides of the St. Peter’s Counseling Home from the years 1988 to 2002. The researcher found out that the “New Environment” had brought a lot of changes in the personality and behavior of these adolescents. Clinically, MeIieu therapy controlling the external environment of the person brings dramatic changes in the person's life. The concrete experiences of helping others grow and the processes or dynamics involved in these experiences may be worth sharing to practicing psychologists locally and internationally. ","DR. FELOMINO A. GARGAR","University of Southern Philippines3","Davao City","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","THE RELATION OF MORAL ORIENTATION AND MORAL JUDGMENT TO PROSOCIAL AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF CHINESE ADOLESCENTS Hing Keung Ma, Hong Kong Baptist University, HONG KONG The present study investigated the relation of moral orientation and moral judgment to prosocial and antisocial behavior from a first-personal perspective. Major findings include: (1) moral orientations of girls were higher than those of boys; (2) boys were more delinquent than girls; and (3) affective and altruistic orientation, law-abiding orientation, self-actualizing orientation, and the overall moral orientation were in general associated positively with prosocial behavior and negatively with delinquent behavior. Results also supported the following hypotheses: (a) moral orientation of prosocial adolescents is higher than that of delinquent adolescents; (b) moral judgment of prosocial adolescents is higher than that of delinquent adolescents; and (c) moral development of prosocial adolescents is higher than that of delinquent adolescents. Few researches in literature have attempted to investigate the relation moral orientation and moral judgment to prosocial and antisocial behavior in one single study. The present study fills the research gap. Moreover, the study of moral judgment from a first-personal perspective appears to be a meaningful and useful approach. ","Hing Keung Ma","Department of Education Studies","Hong Kong Baptist University","Kowloon Tong, HONG KONG","","","hkma@hkbu.edu.hk","852-3411-7215","852-34117894","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","THE EFFECTS OF METACOGNITIVE ABILITIES AND DOMAIN FAMILIARITY ON CONFIDENCE JUDGMENTS Moises Kirk de Carvalho F. and Masamichi Yuzawa Hiroshima University, Japan Problem This study investigated how metacognitive abilities mediate the effects of social information on students’ confidence judgments. The main objective was to examine whether social cues would affect differently students’ confidence judgments in comprehension questions about texts in two different domains. It is known that metacognitive monitoring may change according to the individual’s expertise in a specific domain. Similarly, it was hypothesized that the susceptibility to comply with social information could change as well. Method Participants were 115 university students from two different areas of expertise: students of letters and students of natural sciences. They were asked to read six texts (three of literature and three of science), answer to corresponding multiple-choice comprehension questions, and rate the accuracy of their test performances under two different conditions (with and without social cues). Social cues consisted of information about the performances of other college students in a previous (fictitious) experiment. Subsequently, they were assigned to four different ability groups according to their metacognitive abilities (i.e., high and low in knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition) assessed by means of a metacognitive checklist and the accuracy of their judgments on the tests respectively. Results and Discussion The results of previous studies were replicated and the present hypothesis validated. Knowledge of cognition, regulation of cognition, and domain familiarity seem to conjointly play an important role in predicting the magnitude and the accuracy of confidence judgments. However, social effects on confidence judgments varied according to students’ regulation of cognition and domain familiarity only. These results are discussed focusing on the educational implications of these findings. ","Moises Kirk de Carvalho Filho","Saijo Otsubo-cho 6-13-204","Higashi Hiroshima Shi","739-0005 JAPAN","","","kirk@hiroshima-u.ac.jp","81-90-2003-9389","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","JOB STRESS AND HEALTH IN THE PHILIPPINES Serafin L. Ngohayon Isabela State University, Philippines Over the past two decades, developed countries have shown increasing interest and concern about job stress and its impact on the health of their working population. Researches in these countries have identified major sources of job stress that were significantly correlated with several health problems (e.g., Karasek & Theorell, 1990). Sadly, there is a dearth of stress research from developing countries like the Philippines. The purpose of this symposium is to report the status and progress of job stress research in the Philippines. It will first present an assessment of the work conditions then deal on the prevalence of job stress, the major job stressors, coping mechanisms and the association of job stress with multiple self-reported health complaints. In addition, buffer factors such as social support and personal factors such as personality type, which were found to buffer or aggravate job stress, will also be elucidated. The first part of the symposium will deal on previous research findings on these issues while the second part will deal on data to be gathered from a pilot study area and group of workers in the Philippines. A standard self-administered questionnaire will be used in collecting data, which will be analyzed using a combination of regression and correlation statistics. Discussions will be guided mainly by the demand-control (Karasek & Theorell, 1990) and the effort-reward imbalance (Siegrist, 1996) models of job stress. References: Karasek, R. & Theorell, T. (1990). Healthy work. Basic Books, New York. Siegrist, J. (1996). Adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 27-41. ","Serafin L. Ngohayon","College of Arts and Sciences","Isabela State University","3309 Echague, Isabela","PHILIPPINES","","ngohayon@yahoo.com","63-919-865-0043","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","TEACHERS’ CONCEPTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: ARE THESE CONSISTANT WITH THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PARADIGM R. S. Gravoso This qualitative study was conducted to find out teachers’ conceptions of learning technologies. Underlying this study was a research-based theoretical framework highlighting the importance of appropriate conceptions to effective use of technologies. Composed of 37 teachers, participants in this study were asked, “What is your idea of educational technology?” Answers were combined to form a pool of statements about educational technologies. The pool of statements was analyzed using a phenomenographic analysis. The analysis identified a limited number of qualitatively different categories of conceptions. These included the views that technologies are: hardware, conveyors of information, and facilitators of learning, conceptions that technologies are tools for information transmission. Considering the results of numerous studies showing that technologies’ potentials can only be harnessed to the fullest extent if these are used as knowledge construction tools in learner-centered learning environments, results of the present study suggest the need for staff development to change teachers’ conceptions and ensure appropriate use of these innovations. It is also suggested that more studies be conducted to understand further teachers’ views and use of technologies. Of value to these investigations would be research into the influence of teachers’ conceptions of learning, teaching, and technologies on their use of these learning innovations. ","R.S. Gravoso","104 College Court","451-7 Taguchi, Saijo Cho","Higashi-Hiroshima Shi","Hiroshima 739-0036","Japan","gravoso@hiroshima-u.ac.jp","(81) 824-25-2852","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","","FROM ETHNIC SLURS TO ACTS OF TERRORISM: TOWARDS A PSYCHOLOGY OF HATE Steven K. Baum While there has never been a shortage of genocidal thought and acts, since the '9-11' attack, hate has come to the forefront of interest for all democratic nations. Psychologists have made several inroads into understanding the quadmire of hate, but have yet to offer a comprehensive conceptualization. After reviewing multiple literatures, a new conceptual foundation based on emotional development is introduced which better explains the 'why?' behind hate's persistant nature. The ideas are discussed with an emphasis on global management and myth eradication.","Steven K. Baum","700 Stewart Rd #105","Monroe MI 48162","","","","baum@jet2.net","(519) 254-5970","(734) 457-3620","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","",""," THE IDENTIFICATION AND DIAGNOSIS OF ALLEGED VICTIMS OF ALLEGED PAEDOPHILES Dr. Ludwig Lowenstein, Allington Manor, Fair Oak, Eastleigh, UK SO50 7DE As a forensic psychologist assessing cases where child sex abuse has been alleged I find myself attempting always to be just and fair, as well as compassionate, to both the accuser and the alleged perpetrator. I try to act as an ""expert witness"" to get the truth and to decide what might best be done with the truth when it has been obtained. Psychologists must discriminate between plausible and implausible allegations. Psychologists have, therefore, tried to improve their reliability by developing components of statement validity analysis (SVA) or criterion based content analysis (CBCA). It has always been my intention to seek and find evidence of a circumstantial and psychological nature from all concerned in the case. This often includes the alleged victim, alleged perpetrator, and alleged accuser. I hope always to give evidence from an ""independent standpoint"" regardless of which side seeks my opinion. It is for this reason that I prefer to report directly to the court and hence act as an ""independent multi-sided or single expert witness"".","Dr. Ludwig F. Lowenstein","Allington Manor, Allington Lane,","Fair Oak, Eastleigh, Hants. UK SO50 7DE","","","","drlowensteinall@netscapeonline.co.uk","44 2380 692 621","44 2380 692 621","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","",""," PARENT ALIENATION SYNDROME: A TWO STEP APPROACH TOWARDS A SOLUTION Dr. Ludwig Lowenstein, Allington Manor, Fair Oak, Eastleigh, UK SO50 7DE This paper deals with the steps involved in mediation while legal action and the courts intervene to force a solution by law to often tragic, acrimonious human interaction between former partners. Professionals such as qualified psychologists or psychiatrists should be able to offer a full course of mediation before the partners begin divorce proceedings or decisions regarding the placement of children with one party or the other. A ten-year study involving 16 cases provides evidence that the initial use of mediation may well be superior to the initial use of the adversarial system on its own.","Dr. Ludwig F. Lowenstein","Allington Manor, Allington Lane, Fair Oak,","Eastleigh, Hants. UK SO50 7DE","","","","drlowensteinall@netscapeonline.co.uk","44 2380 692 621","44 2380 692 621","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","","FILIPINO WOMEN LABOR MIGRANTS AND THEIR CHILDREN: A PSYCHOLOGIC1CAL STUDY Annadaisy J. Carlota Antonietta S. Rosel ABSTRACT This paper provides information on the psychological effects on the children left behind by Filipino women labor migrants. This study uses a survey of children aged 10 to 21 years in relation to the international Filipino women labor migration. The design is a two-stage cluster sampling with the barangays (clusters) as the primary sampling units selected in four areas of the Philippines, namely Manila, Davao City, Iloilo City and Pangasinan. These four areas were chosen on the basis of their being the primary sending areas of overseas contract workers according to the 1995 Census of Population. The study showed that mother-absence seems to have a stronger psychological impact on the children left behind. More children with mothers working abroad as compared to those whose fathers abroad perceive their parents' relationship as not stable; perceive that their family relationship worse compared to five years ago; do not perceive the family to be happier now; view the family as generally sad and depressed; and they (the children) are often personally sad and depressed themselves. The research strongly recommends that teachers and school counselors be informed of the psychological consequences of labor migration on school children left behind and be tapped to assist in dealing with such problems; the role of peers as support groups and be tapped through adequate training on peer counseling and to combine quantitative and qualitative research on the migration phenomenon. ","Antonietta S. Rosel","Philippines","","","","","","","","Annadaisy J. Carlota","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","Rewording and Anomalous Information in Statistics Word Problem Solving A number of concepts in statistics lend themselves to fallacies. Students often tend to rely more on fuzzy ideas rather than on mathematically rigorous interpretations of these concepts. The present paper investigates whether anomalous information causes an increase in questions generated by college students while they solve statistics word problems. Forty science undergraduates are presented with different versions of each of then statistics problems: (a) Original; (b) Deletion of critical information, (c) Addition of contradictory information, (d) Addition of salient irrelevancies, and (e) addition of subtle irrelevancies. Results show that most of the transformed versions trigger more questions than the original (p < 0.01), with the deletion versions triggering more questions than do others. The role of rewording in statistics word problems is discussed in light of these findings, and cognitive models (such as the obstacle hypothesis) are used to explain pertinent differences. Implications of these findings for pedagogy and research are also offered. ","Queena","","","","","","queena@i-manila.com.ph","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","ELEMENTS OF THE CREATIVE PROCESS AS REVEALED IN THE NARRATIVES OF TWELVE FILIPINO ARTISTS IN THEATER, MUSIC, AND FILM Noel O. McRae Adviser: Dr. Emy Liwag Statement of the Problem: Main Problem(s): 1. What is creativity? 2. What is Filipino creativity? Procedure: Twelve nominated creative persons (4 each from 3 domains, i.e. theater, music, and film) were chosen for this study on the basis of their reputations as creative artists. Three instruments were administered to them: (1) a specially constructed Interview Schedule based on Csikszentmihalyi’s (1996) creativity triangle of individual talent, field, and domain (for creativity variables); (2) the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (for personality variables); and (3) a family background questionnaire (for family demographics and family involvement in creativity). Findings: 1. Mothers, or in their absence other female family members, are the primary nurturers of children’s creativity. 2. A supportive home environment is needed in the nurturance of children’s creativity. 3. An encouraging school environment helps to foster the creativity of the students. 4. Creativity has therapeutic effects on children who have suffered trauma in dysfunctional families. 5. The right mentors are helpful in the development of talent and in relationships with the field. 6. Recognition of talent can be either positive (praise) or negative (criticism). 7. Creative persons are often dissatisfied with their fields and want to change the status quo or to establish a new domain. 8. Changes in the field and domain can be concerned either with internal matters or with external factors. 9. Filipino creativity can be either indigenous (when it emerges from cultural values and attitudes) or not indigenous (when it is the result of copying foreign art forms). Conclusions: 1. The parents and relatives of creative children should be made award of their role in the nurturance of creativity. 2. Teachers, activity moderators, and school personnel and administrators should encourage the creativity of their young students. 3. Government agencies concerned with educational curricula should have guidelines for the discovery and development of young talent. 4. Clinical psychologists should use creative approaches such as expressive therapy when dealing with their clients. 5. Filipino creativity lies not only in individual talent but also in community involvement and participation. ","Noel O. McRae","","","","","","noelcomm@admu.edu.ph","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","",""," THE FACILITATIVE ROLE OF COUNSELING IN MIDLIFE REVIEW Alexa P. Abrenica, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Psychology Department De La Salle University Midlife is a challenging period in a person's life. It is fraught with changes that require innumerable adjustments. In the quest for wholeness, the need to evaluate what has happened to one's life and determine where it is going while there is still time. This is intensely felt at this period (Levinson, 1978). Stock-taking or life review, therefore, comes naturally for the mid-lifer. Life review is usually associated with the elderly. It is seen as therapeutic and extremely useful because it consists of obtaining an extensive autobiography. Recounting past events help the elderly put his life in order. Conflict resolution, improved relationships with one's family, making decisions about successes or failures, resolving guilt, clarifying one's own values and simply getting out of one's feelings about painful experiences are some of the benefits that can be gained from a life review. This may be conducted individually or in a group setting. Romanick and Romanick have argued that reminiscence, a process that underlies life review, can take place from time to time all through out the adult life cycle and, therefore, not limited particularly to older persons. It is for these cases, that I explore utilizing counseling in facilitating midlife review. Through counseling the midlifer can be helped to surface or sort out feelings about past decisions or even present circumstances. Then the counselor can facilitate the identification of or increase awareness of possible regrets in life that have not surfaced nor have been given opportunity to be expressed or at the very least given recognition. Helping the midlifer to consciously acknowledge regrets is already a big step in the direction of wellness. After regrets are identified and accepted the counselor can facilitate further uncovering of memories. These can be discussed and processed. The decision to change or to do midcourse correction can proceed to identifying options, planning, assessing opportunities, resources and threats. A template will be presented detailing the phases of the counseling process in dealing with the negative consequences of regrets which might come about in a midlife review. Possible counselor leads that can be used to facilitate the process will be likewise included. ","Aelxa P. Abrenica","William Hall, 6th Floor","De La Salle University","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","Philippines","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","",""," THE FACILITATIVE ROLE OF COUNSELING IN MIDLIFE REVIEW Alexa P. Abrenica, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Psychology Department De La Salle University Midlife is a challenging period in a person's life. It is fraught with changes that require innumerable adjustments. In the quest for wholeness, the need to evaluate what has happened to one's life and determine where it is going while there is still time. This is intensely felt at this period (Levinson, 1978). Stock-taking or life review, therefore, comes naturally for the mid-lifer. Life review is usually associated with the elderly. It is seen as therapeutic and extremely useful because it consists of obtaining an extensive autobiography. Recounting past events help the elderly put his life in order. Conflict resolution, improved relationships with one's family, making decisions about successes or failures, resolving guilt, clarifying one's own values and simply getting out of one's feelings about painful experiences are some of the benefits that can be gained from a life review. This may be conducted individually or in a group setting. Romanick and Romanick have argued that reminiscence, a process that underlies life review, can take place from time to time all through out the adult life cycle and, therefore, not limited particularly to older persons. It is for these cases, that I explore utilizing counseling in facilitating midlife review. Through counseling the midlifer can be helped to surface or sort out feelings about past decisions or even present circumstances. Then the counselor can facilitate the identification of or increase awareness of possible regrets in life that have not surfaced nor have been given opportunity to be expressed or at the very least given recognition. Helping the midlifer to consciously acknowledge regrets is already a big step in the direction of wellness. After regrets are identified and accepted the counselor can facilitate further uncovering of memories. These can be discussed and processed. The decision to change or to do midcourse correction can proceed to identifying options, planning, assessing opportunities, resources and threats. A template will be presented detailing the phases of the counseling process in dealing with the negative consequences of regrets which might come about in a midlife review. Possible counselor leads that can be used to facilitate the process will be likewise included. ","Aelxa P. Abrenica","William Hall, 6th Floor","De La Salle University","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","Philippines","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","",""," EMPLOYEES PERCEIVED AS ""STAR"" & “DEADWOOD”, IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY, AND THE WORKER OF THE FUTURE By Laurene Chua-Garcia, Ph.D. The changing demands of today's more complex workplace affect all levels of an organization. Hence, the need for a more intensified search for “star” employees and the drive to weed out the “deadwood” to achieve corporate tune-ups. This study then seeks out answers from different sectors of industry, including selected private and public organizations, by asking them to define who are their “star” and “deadwood” employees. Furthermore, the impact of technology on employee performance is examined and its possible effects analyzed. Finally, given the data on who are ""star"" and ""deadwood"" employees as well as knowing the effects of technology on them, a conceptualization of the worker of the future is made. ","Laurene Chua-Garcia, Ph.D.","De La Salle University - Manila ","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","Philippines","","","","","(632) 524 0361","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","TEACHERS CONEPTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES: ARE THSE CONSISTENT WITH THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PARDIGM? R.S. Gravoso This qualitative study was conducted to find out teachers’ conceptions of learning technologies. Underlying this study was a research-based theoretical framework highlighting the importance of appropriate conceptions to effective use of technologies. Participants were 37 teachers who were asked, “What is your idea of educational technology?” Answers were combined to form a pool of statements about educational technologies. The pool of statements was analyzed using a phenomenographic analysis. The analysis identified a limited number of qualitatively different categories of conceptions. These included the views that technologies are: hardware, conveyors of information, and facilitators of learning, conceptions that technologies are tools for information transmission. Considering the results of numerous studies showing that technologies’ potentials can only be harnessed to the fullest extent if these are used as knowledge construction tools in learner-centered learning environments, results of the present study suggest the need for staff development to change teachers’ conceptions and ensure appropriate use of these innovations. It is also suggested that more studies be conducted to understand further teachers’ views and use of technologies. Of value to these investigations would be research into the impact of teachers’ conceptions of learning, teaching, and technologies on their use of these learning innovations. ","R.S. Gravoso","104 ","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","TEACHERS CONEPTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES: ARE THSE CONSISTENT WITH THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PARDIGM? R.S. Gravoso This qualitative study was conducted to find out teachers’ conceptions of learning technologies. Underlying this study was a research-based theoretical framework highlighting the importance of appropriate conceptions to effective use of technologies. Participants were 37 teachers who were asked, “What is your idea of educational technology?” Answers were combined to form a pool of statements about educational technologies. The pool of statements was analyzed using a phenomenographic analysis. The analysis identified a limited number of qualitatively different categories of conceptions. These included the views that technologies are: hardware, conveyors of information, and facilitators of learning, conceptions that technologies are tools for information transmission. Considering the results of numerous studies showing that technologies’ potentials can only be harnessed to the fullest extent if these are used as knowledge construction tools in learner-centered learning environments, results of the present study suggest the need for staff development to change teachers’ conceptions and ensure appropriate use of these innovations. It is also suggested that more studies be conducted to understand further teachers’ views and use of technologies. Of value to these investigations would be research into the impact of teachers’ conceptions of learning, teaching, and technologies on their use of these learning innovations. ","R.S. Gravoso","104 College Court","451-7 Taguchi, Saijo Cho","Higashi-Hiroshima Shi","Hiroshima 739-0036","Japan","gravoso@hiroshima-u.ac.jp","(0824) 25-2852","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","","","","","","","","","Rev.P.Saranatissa","Room no;41,International Students House,university of Delhi,Delhi110007.India","","","","","spsychopath@hotmail.com","0091-11-7667227","0091-11-7666652","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","THE EFFECTS OF GENDER AND LENGTH OF PARENTAL SEPARATION ON THE PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTAL SEPARATION AND COPING STRATEGIES OF ADOLESCENT Juan Adamson G. Albert Ateneo de Manila University This descriptive and explanatory study sought to identify the perceptions of parental separation and coping strategies of 28 adolescent children of separated parents from Eastern Samar, aged 12 to 17 years old. Using a two-by-two factorial ex post facto design and a two-way analysis of variance, it looked into the possible influences of' gender and length of parental separation (<5 years vs. >5 years). Gender was found to have affected both the adolescents' perception and coping styles, with significant difference in perceptions pointing in the direction of females and significant difference in coping style pointing in the direction of males. The length of parental separation affected only the adolescents' perceptions of parental separation, with the <5 years group being more afraid of being abandoned by their custodial parents. No interaction effect was found. Supplementary findings from case studies of twelve randomly selected participants were also discussed. ","Juan Adamson G. Albert","Ateneo de Manila University","Manila","Philippines","","","jadz44@hotmail.com","","(632) 721 7133","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","Overhead Projector","","","","SERVICE OR SELF-INVOLVEMENT? A COMPARISON OF SENIOR AND DEMENTIA CARE IN JAPAN AND SWEDEN FROM THE VIEW POINT OF PERSONAL GROWTH Edit Nagy Tanaka (PhD), Kozo Tanaka People live longer and are healthier today than in the past. The longer life span has resulted in a higher proportion of demented elderly. How shall we take care of our elderly and demented, and how can we help them continue to grow? First, a comparison of senior and dementia care in Japan and Sweden will be shortly presented. The method of this comparison is years of direct nursing work and participant observation of the care in both countries. The results imply that the Japanese elderly seem to receive a quick and efficient service in institutions. Good quality care is seen as the provision of a structure in the daily lives of the elderly, and helping them as far as possible. Opportunities for personal growth are provided by a scheduled physical, recreational, music and art therapy. In Sweden, good quality care is not the high efficiency and quick service, but providing the elderly and demented a meaningful and emotionally stimulating day in their own paqce. The Swedish ""do-it-yourself"" attitude helps the elderly grow through developing and maintaining abilities in the everyday routines of the institute. Emphasis in this conversation hour will be placed on an active involvement of the participants and a valuable exchange of experiences, ideas and suggestions regarding a good senior and dementia care, and methods of helping the elderly grow.","Edit Nagy Tanaka, PhD","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","","","","","","","","","Edit Nagy Tanaka, PhD","Comprehensive Care Center for the Aged, Kobushi-en","Fukasawamachi 2278-8","Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture","940-2135 Japan","","edit@kobushien.com","+81-258-46-6610","+81-258-47-1243","Mr. Kozo Tanaka","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","FUTURE LIFE THERAPY Harry C. Lorenzo, Jr., Ph.D. President, Association of Government Psychologists of the Philippines Future Life Therapy (FLT) is a type of psychotherapy developed and taught by the author for years with the use of hypnosis as a major tool. It integrates therapies which puts emphasis on past and present experiences but neglect to consider the future. This therapy is based on the assumption that “the future is present” and the client is a product of both the past and the future. It is not only the past but the future that determines client’s behavior. Clients who attempted to commit suicide were found to be those who could not see their future clearly. By guiding them into their future, clients were able to shift their focus from helplessness to hope, and enslavement to emancipation. There have been several cases of people with depression, suicidal tendencies, addiction, identity crisis, split personality, and psychologically-induced illnesses being helped by FLT. ","HARRY C. LORENZO, JR.","P.O.BOX AC 69","CUBAO 1135, QUEZON CITY","PHILIPPINES","","","harry@pworld.net.ph","+632 410-4893","+632 721-1264","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","OCCUPATIONAL COMPETENCIES IN CUSTOMER-RELATED INFORMATION PROCESSING OBTAINED BY EXPERT QUERYING D. Albert, J. Cudrigh, J. Heller University of Graz, Graz, Austria In individualised job placement, career counseling, professional recruiting, personnel selection and developing, and vocational training the competencies underlying the professional behaviour have to be taken into account. A typical characteristic of nowadays professional life are the rapid changing demands, depending on technological, social and economical reasons. Thus, methods have to be developed for assessing occupational competencies. The aim of our investigation is to create and evaluate an expert querying method based on the competencies-performance-approach of Korossy for assessing competencies in customer-related information handling. Six experts working for at least five years in travel agencies have been interviewed in two sessions. Guided by an interview manual the methods of event reproduction, competence assignment and competencies' structuring have been used. Structuring was supported by a theory- and computer-based querying procedure. By these methods, (a) typical situations and events in customer related behaviour have been obtained, and based on this, (b) assessing, (c) assigning and (c) structuring the underlying competencies has been performed. The main results are: (a) The experts where able to perform the different kinds of querying procedures, even the unusual one's, (b) a large variety of structures has been obtained, (c) in general, the individual structures are meaningful and reliable, and (d) the objectivity of the querying method and the procedure for data analysis is given. Transferring the querying method to other occupational fields and improving the computer support will be discussed ","Dr. Dietrich Albert, Professor","Department of Psychology","University of Graz","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","ASSESSING OCCUPATIONAL COMPETENCIES IN CUSTOMER-RELATED INFORMATION PROCESSING BY EXPERT QUERYING METHODS D. Albert, J. Cudrigh, J. Heller University of Graz, Graz, Austria In individualised job placement, career counseling, professional recruiting, personnel selection and developing, and vocational training the competencies underlying the professional behaviour have to be taken into account. A typical characteristic of nowadays professional life are the rapid changing demands, depending on technological, social and economical reasons. Thus, methods have to be developed for assessing occupational competencies. The aim of our investigation is to create and evaluate an expert querying method based on the competencies-performance-approach of Korossy for assessing competencies in customer-related information handling. Six experts working for at least five years in travel agencies have been interviewed in two sessions. Guided by an interview manual the methods of event reproduction, competence assignment and structuring competencies have been used. Structuring was supported by a theory- and computer-based querying procedure. By these methods, (a) typical situations and events in customer related behaviour have been obtained, and based on this, (b) assessing, (c) assigning and (c) structuring the underlying competencies has been performed. The main results are: (a) The experts where able to perform the different kinds of querying procedures, even the unusual one's, (b) a large variety of structures has been obtained, (c) in general, the individual structures are meaningful and reliable, and (d) the objectivity of the querying methods and the procedure for data analysis is given. Transferring the querying methods to other occupational fields and improving the computer support will be discussed ","Dr. Dietrich ALBERT, Professor","Department of Psychology","University of Graz","Universitaetsplatz 2","A 8010 Graz","Austria/Europe","dietrich.albert@uni-graz.at","+(43) 316 380-5118 (-5104)","+(43) 316 380-9806","Janina CUDRIGH","janina_cudrigh@hotmail.com","Dr. Juergen HELLER, Professor","juergen.heller@uni-graz.at","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","Overhead Projector","","",""," MEET THE REAL ALFRED BINET, THE FATHER OFINTELLIGENCE TESTING Hagop S. Pambookian, Ph.D. Shawnee State University, Portsmouth, OH Recently, ""TIME"" Magazine selected Alfred Binet one of the ""greatest minds"" of the 20th century who had ""published the first standardized test of human intelligence in 1905"" (Lehmann, 1999, p.115). Psychologists including Cole (1999), Warwick (2000), Rust and Golombok (1999), Herrnstein and Murray, (1994), also identified Binet as the psychologist who had developed the first practical intelligence scale. Others have also written that Binet was a professor of psychology at the Sorbonne where he had founded the first experimental psychology laboratory in France (e.g,McIntire & Miller, 2001), or established it with Henri Beaunis in 1889(e.g.,Cunningham, 1997)! Still others tell us that young Jean Piaget developed his interest in cognition and intelligence in the 1920s when he spent two years in Paris as (a) ""Piaget traveled to Paris to study with Alfred Binet, who had developed the first intelligence tests"" (Crowl, Kaminsky, & Podell, 1997, p.51), and (b) ""Piaget began his work in Binet's lab, assisting in the development of the Binet scale"" (Walsh & Betz, 2001, p.156). Amazing! But is it true? I shall point out at this session facts pertaining to the first intelligence scale and its founder(s), correct the inaccuracies that have been occurring during the past 100 years, and help stop the misinformation disseminated in books and journals. Then we shall meet the real Alfred Binet!","Hagop S. Pambookian, Ph.D.","Professor of Psychology","Shawnee State University","940 Second Street","Portsmouth, OH 45662-4344","U.S.A.","HPambookian@Shawnee.Edu","740/351-3404","740/3513416","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","","Confronting the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases- Patterns of coping and understanding among Filipino Patients Loyd Brendan P. Norella, M.D. Department of Psychology De La Salle University, Manila The increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in the Philippines can be attributed to a myriad of factors including inadequate education on safer sexual health process, non-maximization of available clinical resources and social stigma. A very important,yet often verlooked factor is how clients with diagnosed STDs understand and cope with the symptomatology of their disease at its earlier stages.Post-consult interviews were conducted among 30 male patients in a reproductive health clinic to determine how client's react to intial symptoms of the disease.Findings show that majority initially deny the possibility of acquiring a STD. This was often followed by bargaining and ""undoing"" through self medication. Only when self medications fail will clients reach a stage similar to acceptance that would prompt them to seek consult. These stages reflect the stages of bereavement as described by Dr. Elizabeth Kubler Ross-which was also noted among patients with HIV/AIDS and other debilitating illnesses . This pattern was observed primarily among those with STD's that manifest as a genital discharge but also among those with ulcerative symptoms. However, acceptance of the ned to seek consult occured earlier among those with discharge symptoms due to the ""gravity"" of the symptoms, as assessed by the patient's themselves. Since delaying of consult through denial and self-medication decreases treatment effectivity and may even lead to resistance, the knowledge of these stages of coping and udnerstanding are important not only to clinic-based health providers but also counselors and psychologists. ","Loyd Brendan P. Norella, M.D.","Department of Psychology","De La Salle University","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","Philippines","","lnorella@yahoo.com","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","",""," THE FACILITATIVE ROLE OF COUNSELING IN MIDLIFE REVIEW Alexa P. Abrenica, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Psychology Department De La Salle University Midlife is a challenging period in a person's life. It is fraught with changes that require innumerable adjustments. In the quest for wholeness, the need to evaluate what has happened to one's life and determine where it is going while there is still time. This is intensely felt at this period (Levinson, 1978). Stock-taking or life review, therefore, comes naturally for the mid-lifer. Life review is usually associated with the elderly. It is seen as therapeutic and extremely useful because it consists of obtaining an extensive autobiography. Recounting past events help the elderly put his life in order. Conflict resolution, improved relationships with one's family, making decisions about successes or failures, resolving guilt, clarifying one's own values and simply getting out of one's feelings about painful experiences are some of the benefits that can be gained from a life review. It is for these cases, that I explore utilizing counseling in facilitating midlife review. The decision to change or to do midcourse correction can proceed to identifying options, planning, assessing opportunities, resources and threats. There will be a dissension on the phases of the counseling process in dealing with the negative consequences of regrets which might come about in a midlife review. Possible counselor leads that can be used to facilitate the process will be likewise included. ","Alexa P. Abrenica","De La Salle University","2401 Taft Avenue, Manila","Philippines","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","","","","","BETRAYAL, TRUST AND FORGIVENESS: A CONVERSATION Beth Hedva, Ph.D. Faculty, Global Program, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology When we suffer any betrayal, personal or political, it often evokes five common reactions: 1. A call for vengeance, vindication, or retribution, 2. Demonizing or dehumanizing the betrayer 3. Generalizing the negative to others through stereotyping, prejudice and bigotry, 4. Self-betrayal—through abdication of one’s core values, dreams or ideals (Example: rejection of one’s personal dream of love and marriage due to a hellish divorce that leads to never marrying again. Or, on a more grand scope, abandonment of credos: ‘thou shall not kill’ and, as with Sept. 11th, volunteers eager to go to war to ‘kill the enemy.’); and 5. Suspicion, and, asserting control, or aggressive manipulation to protect against future betrayals. This conversation will explore the challenges we may face when we confront the dichotomy between our human conditioned-reactions to betrayal, that are motivated out of protection and self-interest, in contrast to our altruistic drive toward humanitarianism that inspires ultimately humane treatment of each other—through forgiveness. What makes forgiveness possible? What makes it difficult to forgive? What is the difference between confession, contrition, compensation and forgiveness? What about retribution, repentance, reconciliation and redemption? What works or does not work, when go from personal to political concerns—ex: the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in post-apartheid South Africa? Finally, this conversation will explore and implement both ‘secular’ conversation and ‘sacred conversation’ by introducing the ‘Sharing Circle’ model as developed by traditional North American Aboriginal societies. Beth Hedva is the author of Betrayal, Trust and Forgiveness, (released Oct. 2001). ","Beth Hedva, Ph.D.","6408 Bow Crescent NW","Calgary","AB","T3B 2B9","","beth@hedva.com","(403) 247-1441","(403) 247-2545","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","","","","","BETRAYAL, TRUST AND FORGIVENESS: A CONVERSATION Beth Hedva, Ph.D. Faculty, Global Program, Institute of Transpersonal Psychology When we suffer any betrayal, personal or political, it often evokes five common reactions: 1. A call for vengeance, vindication, or retribution, 2. Demonizing or dehumanizing the betrayer 3. Generalizing the negative to others through stereotyping, prejudice and bigotry, 4. Self-betrayal—through abdication of one’s core values, dreams or ideals (Example: rejection of one’s personal dream of love and marriage due to a hellish divorce that leads to never marrying again. Or, on a more grand scope, abandonment of credos: ‘thou shall not kill’ and, as with Sept. 11th, volunteers eager to go to war to ‘kill the enemy.’); and 5. Suspicion, and, asserting control, or aggressive manipulation to protect against future betrayals. This conversation will explore the challenges we may face when we confront the dichotomy between our human conditioned-reactions to betrayal, that are motivated out of protection and self-interest, in contrast to our altruistic drive toward humanitarianism that inspires ultimately humane treatment of each other—through forgiveness. What makes forgiveness possible? What makes it difficult to forgive? What is the difference between confession, contrition, compensation and forgiveness? What about retribution, repentance, reconciliation and redemption? What works or does not work, when go from personal to political concerns—ex: the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in post-apartheid South Africa? Finally, this conversation will explore and implement both ‘secular’ conversation and ‘sacred conversation’ by introducing the ‘Sharing Circle’ model as developed by traditional North American Aboriginal societies. Beth Hedva is the author of Betrayal, Trust and Forgiveness, (released Oct. 2001). ","Beth Hedva, Ph.D.","6408 Bow Crescent NW","Calgary","AB","T3B 2B9","","beth@hedva.com","(403) 247-1441","(403) 247-2545","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","Stresses and Personality Factors Related to Marital Failure for Applicants for Marriage Nullity Maria Teresa Juliana A. Medina and Polly Dy Mainly qualitative in nature, this study was conducted to describe the stresses and personality factors related to marital failure. This multiple case study method was employed for an in-depth interview with 30 pairs of couples in the process of marriage nullification. The clinical interview was the main instrument used. The Millon Clinical Multi-Axial Inventory II was administered to determine personality patterns. Several patterns in the problems and stresses of the wives and husbands were observed. Immaturity, Irresponsibility, infidelity, and lack of communication were the top three stresses reported by the husbands and wives. The wives also revealed other stresses such as their husbands’ abusive behaviors, violent and short-tempered behaviors, controlling and demanding behaviors, and gambling problems. The wives own contribution to the marital rift include there controlling and demanding behaviors, childlessness, sexual dysfunction, and prioritizing their careers. The stresses of the husbands include their wives’ controlling and demanding behaviors, and sexual dysfunction. The husbands own contribution also includes abusive behaviors, gambling problems, financial pressures, and conflict with in-laws. As to the personality patterns, the husband petitioners and respondents and the wife petitioners were high on the narcissistic personality patterns. The husband respondents were also high on the aggressive-sadistic and antisocial personality patterns. The wife petitioners and respondents and the husband petitioners displayed obsessive-compulsive personality patterns. The wife petitioners were also prone to dependent personality patterns. ","Maria Teresa Juliana A. Medina","Behavioral Research and Psychological Services, Inc.","Suite 2103 V.V. Soliven Shopping Complex","EDSA, Greenhills, San Juan","Philippines","","bereps@pacific.net.ph","(632) 724 5358","(632) 721 7133","Polly Dy","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","CORRELATES OF PARENTAL BELIEFS, STYLES AND INVOLVEMENT ON CHILDREN’S PSYCHOSOCIAL COMPETENCE Vicky C. W. Tam & Rebecca S. Y. Lam This study examines the impact of parental beliefs, styles, and involvement on children’s self-esteem and peer relationships among the Chinese population in Hong Kong. Responses in this study were collected in a questionnaire survey on 469 Primary Three to Five students and their parents. Findings of the study show significant positive correlations between children’s psychosocial competence and parenting style dimensions. However, the relationships between parental beliefs, behavior, and background and socio-emotional competence were weak. Only the variables of mothers’ involvement in children’s education and values and goals for the child, and father’s education level correlated with the child’s socio-emotional competence. Multiple regression analyses using parenting style, parental beliefs, behavior, and background on socio-emotional competence of the child were conducted. The regression model on self-esteem was significant, with only the parenting style variables, namely father’ psychological pressure and both parents’ nurturance having significant regression coefficients. The regression model on peer relationship was also significant, with father’s nurturance and education level and mother’s values and goals and aspirations for children’s education contributing significantly to the variance of the dependent variable. Findings reveal that the roles of both parents contributed significantly to specific areas of children’s socio-emotional competence. Parenting style was found to be more significant than parental beliefs, behavior, and background in determining such performance. Results were further discussed in light of the socio-cultural context of parenting and child development in Hong Kong. ","Dr. Vicky C. W. Tam","Department of Education Studies","Hong Kong Baptist University","Kowloon Tong","Hong Kong","","vtam@hkbu.edu.hk","(852) 3411 5690","(852) 3411 7894","Dr. Rebecca S. Y. Lam","syrlam@hkbu.edu.hk","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","SVGA Projector","","","CASE STUDIES OF THE PROCESS AND FACTORS INVOLVED IN WOMEN’S DECISIONS TO STAY OR TO LEAVE ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS Rosalie Ann R. Reyes How do battered women respond to the abusive relationship? Is there a stage-like process that women go through in the way they respond to the battering? Is the process experienced as predicted by the Modified Stages of Engagement Theory? What are the factors influencing the decision to stay or leave an abusive relationship at each stage of this process? The researcher contacted the Women’s Crisis Center and obtained permission to do research on the battered women who sought refuge there. The initial goal, after obtaining the woman’s permission, was to establish rapport. The interviewer then proceeded to administer the Thematic Apperception Test and construct the genogram. Next, the interview was done section by section. The process was repeated on other women connected with the shelter or contacted with the help of other people until the researcher was able to gather data from a total of ten women. The genogram was analyzed for any violent experience in childhood the victim might have had. Data from the projective test were analyzed by extracting initially the prevailing theme per picture and later on looking for echoing themes throughout the stories. Data culled from the interviews were organized according to significant events unifying each phase in the relationship as revealed by the interviewees. Then, each phase was analyzed for the factors that affected their decision to remain in the situation or live independently from the abuser. Results from each case study were compared and contrasted with one another to find out if there were similar patterns in the process that they experienced. If there was a common underlying pattern, it was compared with the Modifiend Stages of Engagement Theory. Each phase described was analyzed for the factors influencing the decision at that point. Each stage was then compared across all individuals to determine the common factors that were more likely considered by the women at each “chapter” in their lives. ","Rosalie Ann R. Reyes","Ateneo de Manila University","Manila","Philippines","","","rosaliereyes@edsamail.com.ph","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","","","","","ICP AT THE UNITED NATIONS Florence L. Denmark, Robert W. Wesner This conversation hour will discuss recent activities of ICP's representatives to the United Nations. Special attention will be given to the Second World Assembly on Ageing held in Madrid in April.","Florence L.Denmark","Psychology Department","Pace University","41 Park Row","New York, NY","10038","fdenmark@pace.edu","212.346.1551","212.346.1618","Robet W. Wesner","bobwesner@aol.com","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","VICARIOUS TRAUMATIZATION OF PSYCHOSOCIAL CAREGIVERS IN WAR-TORN MINDANAO: EXPERIENCES AND INTERVENTIONS Ma. Emma Concepcion D. Liwag Ma. Ramonita C. Barreiro Tomas A. Batalla Patricia C. Domingo Maria Victoria R. Gustilo This paper describes the experiences of the field personnel of an international NGO assigned to the war-ravaged areas of Mindanao, Philippines, where they have been providing psychosocial care to the survivors of hostage-taking, terrorist attacks and atrocities, various forms of human rights abuses, and other life-and-death situations. A total of 55 caregivers, majority of who were female and Christian, participated in Project Phoenix, a series of three Crisis Debriefing Workshops, facilitated by clinical psychologists of the Ateneo Wellness Center. The workshops were meant to help these caregivers recover from the vicarious traumatization they had experienced while working on-site with the direct victims of war trauma. Using a four-pronged theoretical framework of crisis debriefing, i.e., Safety, Remembrance, Recovery and Reconnection, the workshops employed experientially-based group psycho-educational and psychotherapeutic techniques. Results from the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptom Checklist administered before the workshop revealed a high frequency of physical and emotional symptoms among these caregivers. On the other hand, they appear to be coping well cognitively, relationally, and behaviorally. They were coping best spiritually, exhibiting the least amount of distress in this area. However, a few individuals did manifest signs of trauma (particularly hypervigilance, hyperarousal, constriction of affect, and intrusions in the form of flashbacks) though they continued to function normally. ","Ma. emma Concepcion D. Liwag","Ateneo Wellness Center","Department of Psychology","Ateneo de Manila University","Manila, Philippines","","mecdl@admu.edu.ph","(632) 426 0001","(632) 426 5905","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","will probably have a powerpoint presentation"," A SURVEY ON THE PRACTICE AND STATUS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY IN THE PHILIPPINES Lota A. Teh, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Ateneo de Manila University Quezon City, Philippines Forty-eight Filipino psychotherapists participated in a survey which was conducted to find out what their practice of psychotherapy is like and what they think about the status and the future of the practice of psychotherapy in the country. An interview schedule which consisted of 24 open-ended questions was used in the study. Among the main findings of the survey are the following: a. School-related problems of children and adolescents, and family and marital problems are the most common problems encountered by the respondents. b. Almost all the respondents use the eclectic approach. c. Most of the respondents use a sliding scale in charging their clients. d. More than one-half of the respondents administer diagnostic tests. e. The respondents were almost unanimous in expressing the need to professionalize the practice in the country. f. Although there is agreement among the respondents that the practice is growing, they also point out the areas that need improvement. The results of the survey have important implications on the need to regulate the practice of psychotherapy in the country, the need to review the school curricula that are being used in training future psychotherapists, and the need to provide continuing professional development to practicing psychotherapists. ","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","Conversation Hour","","","Overhead Projector","","","","USING SELF-HYPNOSIS AS A GROWTH TECHNIQUE Charles L. Latimer,Ed.D.,ABPP,Hypnotherapist Greenville, South Carolina, USA Hypnotism as an altered or alternative state of consciousness has been known for thousands of years, but generally considered esoteric and to be used only by persons considered spiritually or medically gifted. However, in addition to use by religious leaders, such techniques have been long used by salesmen and salesmen. Self-hypnosis really happens to everyone every day, but is seldom recognized by “ordinary” people or even by most mental health practitioners. Every day we intermittently go into and out of trance. Those things we do well we do automatically, using resources stored deep within our minds and derived from the totality of our experience. This workshop will introduce the participants to the basic principles of the hypnotic experience, particularly in relation to use of self-hypnosis or autosuggestion for ego-strengthening and positive habit formation. Among special topics to be considered will be smoking cessation, weight control, insomnia relief, and deletion or alteration of other negative patterns which interfere with achieving our best. Attendants will have the opportunity both to experience trance as a normal aspect of life, and to learn how to guide clients into the experience. Meditation, repetition, metaphor, imagination, cognitive self-control and self-direction will be considered. Hypnosis will be shown to be neither good nor bad, but can be utilized for either good or bad purposes. Not only do most individuals not use the resources that are available within the autonomic or inner self, but they allow themselves to be controlled from outside by individuals and by organizations that are using techniques for their own benefit. The mass media, particularly television, is designed for mind control, and only those who understand can avoid being “suckered”. The presenter is a licensed psychologist and certified American Society of Clinical Hypnosis consultant, who has been involved in use of hypnotherapy for several decades. ","Charles L. Latimer, Ed.D., ABPP","100 Yorkshire Drive","Greenville, SC, USA 29615-1129","","","","CompCouns@aol.com","865-244-6109","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","Symposium/Workshop","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","A CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE GOOD LIFE Ng Aik Kwang National Institute of Education Nayang Technological University Singapore This paper presents a cultural perspective on the good life. It observes that agency (focus on self) and communion (focus on other) are essential components of psychological well-being. Maintaining a balance between self and other will increase the psychological well-being of the individual. On the other hand, failure to maintain a balance between self and other will decrease the psychological well-being of the individual. Members of individualistic and collectivistic cultures do not experience psychological well-being, because of an imbalance between self and other. In the case of the Westerner, this imbalance is due to the centrality of freedom in an individualistic culture. This emphasis on individual freedom cuts the Westerner off from his social group, and leads him to focus too much on the self (unmitigated agency). In contrast, in the case of the Asian, this imbalance is due to the centrality of face in a collectivistic culture. This emphasis on social face embeds the Asian in his social group, and leads him to focus too much on the other (unmitigated communion). In both cases, the imbalance between self and other results in the psychological dysfunctioning of the Asian and Westerner, preventing them from living the good life. ","Ng Aik Kwang","National Institute of Education","Nanyang Technological University","Singapore","","","akng@nie.edu.sg","65-67903221","65-68969410","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","JOURNEYING THROUGH THE VARIETIES OF COUNSELLING APPROACHES TOWARD A WHOLESOME MODEL OF PSYCHOTHERAPY Dr. Violeta Bautista DR. Randy Dellosa Two clinical psychologists from the Philippines narrated their personal journeys on how their expereinces with several psychotherapeutic approaches evolved towards a wholeness paradigm. ","DR. Violeta Bautista","c/o Behavioral Research","","","","","","(632) 724 5358","(632) 721 7133","Dr. Randy Dellosa","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","","","","","","","","PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION OF A VICTIM AND OFFENDER OF STATUTORY RAPE : A CASE FOR RESTORATIVE JUSTICE Presentation of a case study illustrating the favorable outcomes of Restorative Rehabilitation for both victim and offender of a heinous crime using intergenerational diagnosis and intervention of all parties, including those who indirectly contributed to the commission of the crime. The case involves the statutory rape of a three-year old child by a paternal uncle. The victim was found to suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. In tracing the perpetrator’s pathology, it was established that his grandmother, both his parents, siblings, and the offender himself are all victims of violence under immoral circumstances. Results showed full recovery of the victim from Post Traumatic Stress disorder while the offender exhibited positive response to psychotherapy. The other parties examined are in various stages of recovery. This case underscores the position that the victim and the perpetrator of the crime are circumstantially linked and therefore an intervention program, at the very least, must necessarily involve both parties , albeit in separate sessions, to be more effective. This proposition is in contrast to the current practice of just rehabilitating the victim of the crime. Presentor : Ms. Cristina R. Gates, Secretary General, Centre for Restorative Justice in Asia, Manila, Philippines ","Cristina R. Gates","163 Scout Limbaga Ext., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines","","","","","cristina_gates@lycos.com","(632) 928 1653 or (632) 416 1672, mobile no. (632) 0917 3697824","(632) 926 6928","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","Overhead Projector","","","","PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION OF A VICTIM AND OFFENDER OF STATUTORY RAPE : A CASE FOR RESTORATIVE JUSTICE Presentation of a case study illustrating the favorable outcomes of Restorative Rehabilitation for both victim and offender of a heinous crime using intergenerational diagnosis and intervention of all parties, including those who indirectly contributed to the commission of the crime. The case involves the statutory rape of a three-year old child by a paternal uncle. The victim was found to suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. In tracing the perpetrator’s pathology, it was established that his grandmother, both his parents, siblings, and the offender himself are all victims of violence under immoral circumstances. Results showed full recovery of the victim from Post Traumatic Stress disorder while the offender exhibited positive response to psychotherapy. The other parties examined are in various stages of recovery. This case underscores the position that the victim and the perpetrator of the crime are circumstantially linked and therefore an intervention program, at the very least, must necessarily involve both parties , albeit in separate sessions, to be more effective. This proposition is in contrast to the current practice of just rehabilitating the victim of the crime. ","Ms. Cristina R. Gates","163 Scout Limbaga Ext.","Diliman, Quezon City","Philippines","1104","","cristina_gates@lycos.com","(632) 928 1653 / (632) 416 1672","(632) 926 6928","","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","","","","","","","","LONELINESS AMONG ADULT FILIPINO RESIDENTS IN AUSTRALIA AND THE PHILIPPINES Antoinette Esmaquel Butler, MAPS Swinburne University, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia Dr. Prasuna Reddy, PhD, MAPS University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia This study investigated individual experiences of loneliness and well being among two groups of older adult Filipinos. One group was resident in The Philippines, and the other group had migrated from The Philippines to Australia. The sample comprised 25 men and 66 women, ranging in age from 40 years to 86 years. All 91 participants were born in The Philippines. Thirty-nine participants (43% of the sample) were currently living in The Philippines and fifty-two participants (57% of the sample) were currently living in Australia. Analyses conducted on Mood & Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ) scores showed no significant differences between the two resident groups on any of the five MASQ subscales. Multivariate analysis of variance using the four WHO-Quality of Life (QOL) domain scores found significant differences between the two resident groups on quality of life scores in the Environment domain. For the group resident in The Philippines, the areas of greatest dissatisfaction were opportunities for leisure activities and financial resources. Feelings of loneliness were less common in the group resident in Australia compared to the group resident in The Philippines. Even though older Filipinos living in Australia were away from their country of birth, they believed they had a better quality of life with strong social support, meaningful relationships and better physical environment. Given the premise that feelings of loneliness are expressive of the individual’s relationship to the community, these results suggest that the occurrence of loneliness reflects the way people’s social relations are organised in different societies. ","Antoinette E. Butler","Swinburne University","Hawthorn, Victoria","Australia","","","antb@wrhc.com.au","(613) 9382 0451","(613) 9312 3507","Dr. Prasuna Reddy","","","","","","Submit Form" "","","","","","","","","","RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY OF PLM STUDENTS: ITS PSYCHOLOGICAL COSTS By Daniel S. Santos, Ph.D. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Residential mobility is the movement of person or groups of persons from a residential place to another. According to Luwan and Kenzetti (1992), one cause of residential mobility is the fact that many people cannot afford to buy new homes, and pay back mortgage payments. J. T. Marsh {2000) found out that for inter-urban mobility, the decision to move was associated with life cycle factors, but that the decision of where to move was more closely associated with socio- economic factors. Hummon {2001) found out that movers are influenced by push factors, such as rising cost of living or neighbourhood, crime rates, and pull factors including sunny climates and job offers. This study aimed to investigate on the psychological costs of residential mobility. Dates were provided by 300 PLM students who were enrolled in Introduction to Sociology during the first semester of school year 2001-2002. Research methodologies used were questionnaire, personal interview and class discussion. Percenteges were used in statistical treatment and analysis of data. Results of the study indicated that 55% of the respondents live with their family at the time of the study; 64% indicated that their residence is privately owned; 35% have been living in their present residence for more than 16 years; 36% indicated that they remain a resident of this place because of accessibility to almost anything; 31% indicated that their families have never changed residence since they could remember; if given a choice, 37% indicated that they would like to live in a nice place which is quiet and nice neighbourhood; 64% indicated that their parents alone decide where they are going to live and reside; 33% indicated that the advantage of residing in one place all the time is that you get used to the environment, 35% indicated that its disadvantage is that it is simply ""nakakasawa"", 46% indicated that the advantage of moving from one residential place to another many times is that you meet friends; however, 36% indicated that its disadvantage is that you have lots of adjustments to make. ","Daniel Santos, Ph.D.","Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila","Manila, Philippines","","","","","(632) 933 1418","","","","","","","","Submit Form" "Paper","","","","","","","","","MANAGING ISSUES AMONG PSYCHOLOGIST THROUGH NLP TECHNIQUES Imelda V. G. Villar St. Scholastica's College, Manila, Philippines Problem This study presents some of the problems experienced by counseling and clinical psychologists that affect their practice. It also presents strategies for handling them in the most economical and effective ways. Method Ten clinical and counseling psychologists underwent individual therapy for their unique concerns. All of them believed that the practice of their profession was affected by some personal issues that remained unresolved. The techniques used for therapy were some Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) techniques and NLP-based techniques, selected on the basis of the concerns presented. No more than ten hours were allotted for each participant, even if the concerns they presented may have been varied each time. The major instruments used to determine the effectiveness of the therapy were their self-Reports before, during, immediately after, and three months after the therapy. A rating scale particular to the issues they presented was devised and utilized. . Results The Rating Scales made by each one showed that the level of stress they experienced connected to the presented concern was reduced from 7-10 (above average) to 3-1 (below average). Reported improvements include less preoccupation with their stated concerns; elimination of hang-ups in handling specific cases; more relaxed and objective handling of clients; feelings of general well-being. ","Imelda Virginia G. Villar","St. Scholastica's College","Manila","Philippines","","","emyvil@hotmail.com","(632) 833 1125","(632) 831 5195","","","","","","","Submit Form"